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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Feb 13;115(7):1617-1622. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1716801115. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

Myopic (HD-PTP, PTPN23) selectively regulates synaptic neuropeptide release.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261.
2
Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.
3
Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261; elevitan@pitt.edu.

Abstract

Neurotransmission is mediated by synaptic exocytosis of neuropeptide-containing dense-core vesicles (DCVs) and small-molecule transmitter-containing small synaptic vesicles (SSVs). Exocytosis of both vesicle types depends on Ca2+ and shared secretory proteins. Here, we show that increasing or decreasing expression of Myopic (mop, HD-PTP, PTPN23), a Bro1 domain-containing pseudophosphatase implicated in neuronal development and neuropeptide gene expression, increases synaptic neuropeptide stores at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction (NMJ). This occurs without altering DCV content or transport, but synaptic DCV number and age are increased. The effect on synaptic neuropeptide stores is accounted for by inhibition of activity-induced Ca2+-dependent neuropeptide release. cAMP-evoked Ca2+-independent synaptic neuropeptide release also requires optimal Myopic expression, showing that Myopic affects the DCV secretory machinery shared by cAMP and Ca2+ pathways. Presynaptic Myopic is abundant at early endosomes, but interaction with the endosomal sorting complex required for transport III (ESCRT III) protein (CHMP4/Shrub) that mediates Myopic's effect on neuron pruning is not required for control of neuropeptide release. Remarkably, in contrast to the effect on DCVs, Myopic does not affect release from SSVs. Therefore, Myopic selectively regulates synaptic DCV exocytosis that mediates peptidergic transmission at the NMJ.

KEYWORDS:

motoneuron; peptidergic neurotransmission; secretory granule

PMID:
29378961
PMCID:
PMC5816177
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1716801115
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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