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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2018 Feb 21;10(7):6361-6368. doi: 10.1021/acsami.7b18244. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

Ion-Exchanged SAPO-34 Membranes for Krypton-Xenon Separation: Control of Permeation Properties and Fabrication of Hollow Fiber Membranes.

Author information

1
School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology , Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0100, United States.
2
Materials Science & Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory , Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, United States.

Abstract

Separation of radioisotope 85Kr from 136Xe is of importance in used nuclear fuel reprocessing. Membrane separation based on zeolite molecular sieves such as chabazite SAPO-34 is an attractive alternative to energy-intensive cryogenic distillation. We report the synthesis of SAPO-34 membranes with considerably enhanced performance via thickness reduction based upon control of a steam-assisted vapor-solid conversion technique followed by ion exchange with alkali metal cations. The reduction of membrane thickness leads to a large increase in Kr permeance from 7.5 to 26.3 gas permeation units (GPU) with ideal Kr/Xe selectivities >20 at 298 K. Cation-exchanged membranes show large (>50%) increases in selectivity at ambient or slight subambient conditions. The adsorption, diffusion, and permeation characteristics of ion-exchanged SAPO-34 materials and membranes are investigated in detail, with potassium-exchanged SAPO-34 membranes showing particularly attractive performance. We then demonstrate the fabrication of selective SAPO-34 membranes on α-alumina hollow fibers.

KEYWORDS:

fuel cycle; krypton; membrane; off-gas; separation; zeolite

PMID:
29378111
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.7b18244

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