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J Nutr. 2018 Jan 1;148(1):49-55. doi: 10.1093/jn/nxx003.

Dietary Potential Renal Acid Load Is Positively Associated with Serum Uric Acid and Odds of Hyperuricemia in the German Adult Population.

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DONALD Study Center Dortmund, Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Nutritional Epidemiology, University of Bonn, Dortmund, Germany.
Robert Koch Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Berlin, Germany.



Initial interventional data indicate that a reduction in dietary acid load (e.g., by an increased consumption of alkalizing fruit and vegetables) can increase renal uric acid excretion and decrease serum uric acid (SUA).


Against this background, we examined the association between dietary potential renal acid load (PRAL) and SUA in a representative population sample.


Cross-sectional analyses were performed in 6894 participants (aged 18-79 y) of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1). Dietary intake was assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire. Nutritive acid load and the intake of uric acid equivalents (UAEs) were characterized by assigning PRAL and UAE values to reported food consumption. In multiple linear regression models, the associations of PRAL, UAEs, and relevant food groups with SUA were analyzed. Multiple logistic regressions were used to calculate ORs for hyperuricemia comparing lower and upper tertiles of the predictors.


After adjustment for relevant confounders, PRAL (P = 0.003), alcohol (P < 0.0001), and UAE (P = 0.03) intakes were positively associated with SUA, whereas the intake of dairy products and fruit and vegetables was inversely associated (both P < 0.0001). Subgroup analyses among participants without interacting medication use confirmed these results. In addition, participants with lower PRAL had lower odds for hyperuricemia (OR: 0.60; 95% CI: 0.43, 0.83).


Apart from observing known dietary influences on SUA, we found in this population-based, cross-sectional study in adults that low PRAL may represent a potentially SUA-reducing dietary pattern. This highlights dietary alkalization as a possible nonpharmacologic option to influence elevated SUA concentrations.


DEGS1; dietary acid load; nutrition; potential renal acid load; serum uric acid

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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