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Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2019;59(10):1645-1659. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2018.1425285. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

Potential interactions among phenolic compounds and probiotics for mutual boosting of their health-promoting properties and food functionalities - A review.

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1
a Department of Nutrition , Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Paraíba , João Pessoa , Paraíba , Brazil.

Abstract

Several foods are rich sources of phenolic compounds (PC) and their beneficial effects on human health may be increased through the action of probiotics. Additionally, probiotics may use PC as substrates, increasing their survival and functionality. This review presents available studies on the effects of PC on probiotics, including their physiological functionalities, interactions and capability of surviving during exposure to gastrointestinal conditions and when incorporated into food matrices. Studies have shown that PC can improve the adhesion capacity and survival of probiotics during exposure to conditions that mimic the gastrointestinal tract. There is strong evidence that PC can modulate the composition of the gut microbiota in hosts, improving a variety of biochemical markers and risk factors for chronic diseases. Available literature also indicates that metabolites of PC formed by intestinal microorganisms, including probiotics, exert a variety of benefits on host health. These metabolites are typically more active than parental dietary PC. The presence of PC commonly enhances probiotic survival in different foods. Finally, further clinical studies need to be developed to confirm in vitro and experimental findings concerning the beneficial interactions among different PC and probiotics.

KEYWORDS:

Phenolics; food functionality; health-promoting effects; probiotic

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