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Vopr Pitan. 2016;85(6):30-8.

[Influence of linseed oil and deiterium depleted water on isotopic D/H composition and functional antioxidant defense of the hepatobiliary system in rabbits with carbon tetrachloride intoxication].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

The article presents results of studying the influence of linseed oil and drinking diet with a modified isotopic composition with low deuterium content on indicators of prooxidant-antioxidant system during modeling of liver toxicity. The research was performed on 36 rabbits (weighing 3.1-3.5 kg) which were divided into 4 groups. Group 1 consisted of control animals; in group 2, 3 and 4 in rabbits the liver toxicity was modeled by administration of CCl4 (intraperitoneally, in the form of a 50% oil solution, 1 ml per kg bw, 2 times a week for 30 days); nutritional correction using flaxseed oil (0.1 ml per 100 g bw) and drinking diet with deuterium depleted water (50 ppm) was carried out in animals from groups 3 and 4 respectively, for 30 days prior to simulation of toxic hepatitis and more throughout the experiment. Using the method of nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry the influence of deuterium depleted water on D/H composition of the blood plasma, bile and liver tissues was determined: the deuterium concentration in these biological materials significant decreased. The most significant decrease in the deuterium content (30.2% compared with the control group) was found in bloodplasma in animals from group 4. The study of the state of prooxidant-antioxidant balance of the liver and bile showed oxidative stress at the local level, with the toxic effects of carbon tetrachloride. This was followed by EPR spectroscopy data pronounced increase of the number of paramagnetic centers in the hepatocytes by 5.4, 1.9 and 2.8 fold in animals of 2, 3 and 4 groups, respectively (compared to the indicators of the first group). There was also increase in the intensity of free radical oxidation processes in the bile with a simultaneous reduction of its antioxidant activity, which was significantly less distinct (on average 51.18-59.8%, p<0.05) in animals treated with nutritional correction, indicating that higher functional activity of protective systems involved in recycling prooxidant factors using dietary lipophilic antioxidants and water with low deuterium content. Overall, the results of the present study indicate that existing in the liver and bile autonomous mechanisms of regulation of the state of prooxidant-antioxidant systems are quite sensitive to the effects of antioxidant factors of lipophilic nature and shifts of isotopic D/H gradient, and suggest usefulness of the products that can affect these indicators to increase adaptive capabilities of the organism during intoxication.

PMID:
29376306
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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