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Cell Struct Funct. 1986 Mar;11(1):31-42.

Transcellular transport of lipoprotein through arterial endothelial cells in monolayer culture.


To study the mechanism of lipoprotein transport through arterial endothelial cells, porcine endothelial cells were cultured on gelated type I collagen supported by a dacron sheet, and the transport of low density lipoprotein (LDL) labeled with rhodamine B isothiocyanate (RB-LDL) through the cells was measured. Light and scanning electron microscopy showed that the cells on the gel were confluent. There was little RB-LDL transport through the endothelial monolayer at 0 degrees C. RB-LDL transport through the monolayer at 37 degrees C was dose-dependent saturable at 0.4 mg protein/ml. The transport was energy-dependent, since its rate was affected by temperature and was inhibited by a combination of 2-deoxyglucose (50 mM) and NaN3 (10 mM). RB-LDL was shown not to be degraded during transport.

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