Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Scand J Gastroenterol. 2018 Mar;53(3):329-334. doi: 10.1080/00365521.2018.1430255. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

Clinical applicability of Tokyo guidelines 2018/2013 in diagnosis and severity evaluation of acute cholangitis and determination of a new severity model.

Author information

1
a Gastroenterology Department , Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal.
2
b Faculty of Medicine , University of Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the diagnostic accuracy of Tokyo guidelines (TG) 2018/2013 (TG18/TG13) and predictors of poor prognosis in acute cholangitis.

METHODS:

Retrospective 1-year study of consecutive hospital admissions for acute cholangitis. Prognosis was defined in terms of 30 d in-hospital mortality.

RESULTS:

Of the 183 patients with acute cholangitis, diagnostic accuracy based on Charcot's triad, TG07 and TG18/TG13 was 67.8, 86.9 and 92.3% (p < .001), respectively. Regarding severity based on TG18/TG13, 30.6% of cases were severe. A poor prognosis was found in 10.9% of patients. After multivariate analysis, systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg (OR 11.010; p < .001), serum albumin <3 g/dL (OR 1.355; p = .006), active oncology disease (OR 3.818; p = .006) and malignant aetiology of obstructive jaundice (OR 2.224; p = .021) were independent predictors of poor prognosis. The discriminative ability of the model with these four variables was high (AUROC 0.842; p < .001), being superior to TG18/TG13 (AUROC 0.693; p = .005).

CONCLUSIONS:

TG18/TG13 showed high diagnostic accuracy in acute cholangitis. Compared with TG18/TG13, the simplified severity model ≥2 allows easy selection of patients who will benefit from admission to the intensive care unit and early biliary decompression.

KEYWORDS:

Acute cholangitis; Tokyo guidelines; diagnosis; new severity model; severity

PMID:
29374984
DOI:
10.1080/00365521.2018.1430255
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center