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Eur Radiol. 2018 Jun;28(6):2628-2638. doi: 10.1007/s00330-017-5262-5. Epub 2018 Jan 26.

Multiparametric MRI as a potential surrogate endpoint for decision-making in early treatment response following concurrent chemoradiotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 86 Asanbyeongwon-Gil, Songpa-Gu, Seoul, 138-736, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, 86 Asanbyeongwon-Gil, Songpa-Gu, Seoul, 138-736, Republic of Korea. radhskim@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the value of multiparametric MRI for determination of early treatment response following concurrent chemoradiotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma.

METHODS:

A computerized search of Ovid-MEDLINE and EMBASE up to 1 October 2017 was performed to find studies on the diagnostic performance of multiparametric MRI for differentiating true progression from pseudoprogression. The beginning search date was not specified. Pooled estimates of sensitivity and specificity were obtained using hierarchical logistic regression modeling. We performed meta-regression and sensitivity analyses to explain the effects of the study heterogeneity.

RESULTS:

Nine studies including 456 patients were included. Pooled sensitivity and specificity were 84 % (95 % CI 74-91) and 95 % (95 % CI 83-99), respectively. Area under the hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.95 (95 % CI 0.92-0.96). Meta-regression showed true progression in the study population, the mean age and the reference standard were significant factors affecting heterogeneity.

CONCLUSION:

Multiparametric MRI may be used as a potential surrogate endpoint for assessment of early treatment response, especially in the differentiation of true progression from pseudoprogression. However, based on the current evidence, monoparametric and multiparametric MRI perform equally in the clinical context. Further evaluation will be needed.

KEY POINTS:

• Multiparametric MRI shows high diagnostic performance for early treatment response in glioblastoma. • Multiparametric MRI could differentiate true progression from pseudoprogression in newly diagnosed glioblastoma. • The normalized rCBV derived from DSC was the most commonly used parameter.

KEYWORDS:

Diagnosis; Glioblastoma; Magnetic resonance imaging; Perfusion; Standardization

PMID:
29374321
DOI:
10.1007/s00330-017-5262-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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