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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2018 Apr;38(4):627-640. doi: 10.1177/0271678X18755225. Epub 2018 Jan 26.

Optogenetic investigation of the variable neurovascular coupling along the interhemispheric circuits.

Author information

1
1 Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
2
2 Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
3
3 Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research, Institute for Basic Science, Suwon, Korea.
4
4 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Korea.

Abstract

The interhemispheric circuit connecting the left and the right mammalian brain plays a key role in integration of signals from the left and the right side of the body. The information transfer is carried out by modulation of simultaneous excitation and inhibition. Hemodynamic studies of this circuit are inconsistent since little is known about neurovascular coupling of mixed excitatory and inhibitory signals. We investigated the variability in hemodynamic responses driven by the interhemispheric circuit during optogenetic and somatosensory activation. We observed differences in the neurovascular response based on the stimulation site - cell bodies versus distal projections. In half of the experiments, optogenetic stimulation of the cell bodies evoked a predominant post-synaptic inhibition in the other hemisphere, accompanied by metabolic oxygen consumption without coupled functional hyperemia. When the same transcallosal stimulation resulted in predominant post-synaptic excitation, the hemodynamic response was biphasic, consisting of metabolic dip followed by functional hyperemia. Optogenetic suppression of the postsynaptic excitation abolished the coupled functional hyperemia. In contrast, light stimulation at distal projections evoked consistently a metabolic response. Our findings suggest that functional hyperemia requires signals originating from the cell body and the hemodynamic response variability appears to reflect the balance between the post-synaptic excitation and inhibition.

KEYWORDS:

Neurovascular; interhemispheric; neurometabolic; optogenetic; somatosensory

PMID:
29372655
PMCID:
PMC5888863
[Available on 2019-04-01]
DOI:
10.1177/0271678X18755225

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