Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Addict Res Theory. 2018;26(1):71-76. doi: 10.1080/16066359.2017.1311877. Epub 2017 Apr 18.

Young adults report increased pleasure from smoking cigarettes when drinking alcohol but not when using marijuana.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.
2
Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.
3
Center for Tobacco Control Research & Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Abstract

Background:

Among young adults, cigarette smoking is strongly associated with alcohol and marijuana use. The present study compared self-reported co-use of cigarettes and alcohol versus cigarettes and marijuana among young adults using cross-sectional survey data.

Methods:

Participants were young adult cigarette smokers (age 18 to 25) who also reported past month alcohol or marijuana use enrolled in a randomized trial testing a smoking cessation intervention on Facebook. Participants self-reported extent of cigarette smoking under the influence of alcohol or marijuana and differences in perceived pleasure from cigarette smoking when drinking alcohol compared to using marijuana.

Results:

Among cigarette smokers who drank alcohol and used marijuana in the past month (n=200), a similar percentage of cigarettes were smoked under the influence of alcohol (42.4%±31.2%) and marijuana (43.1% ±30.0%). Among alcohol + marijuana users, perceived pleasure from smoking cigarettes was significantly greater when drinking alcohol versus when using marijuana (t(199)=7.05, p<0.001). There was, on average, an increase in perceived pleasure from smoking cigarettes when drinking alcohol, though perceived pleasure did not differ by binge drinking frequency. In contrast, there was on average no change in perceived pleasure from smoking cigarettes when using marijuana. Results from the cigarette smokers who used alcohol + marijuana were similar to cigarette smokers who only used alcohol (n=158) or only used marijuana (n=54).

Conclusion:

Findings highlight greater perceived reward from smoking cigarettes when drinking alcohol compared to when using marijuana, informing smoking cessation interventions that target users of multiple substances.

KEYWORDS:

Cannabis; Co-use; Ethanol; Tobacco; reward; smoke

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center