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PLoS One. 2018 Jan 25;13(1):e0190750. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190750. eCollection 2018.

Patterns of sedentary behavior in overweight and moderately obese users of the Catalan primary-health care system.

Author information

1
Primary Healthcare Centre Vilanova 1, Institut Català de la Salut (ICS), Barcelona, Spain.
2
Lifestyles Study Group,RedIAPP, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Barcelona, Spain.
3
Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, FPCEE Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull (URL), Barcelona, Spain.
4
Department of Physical Therapy, FCS Blanquerna, URL, Barcelona, Spain.
5
Escuela Superior de Ciencias de la Salud TecnoCampus Mataró-Maresme, Universidad Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain.
6
Primary Healthcare Centre Passeig Sant Joan, ICS, Barcelona, Spain.
7
Unitat de Suport a la Recerca, Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Barcelona, Spain.
8
Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Sant Cugat, Spain.
9
Primary Healthcare Centre Cuevas del Almanzora, Almeria, Spain.
10
Primary Healthcare Centre Les Planes, ICS, Barcelona, Spain.
11
Department of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.
12
Primary Healthcare Centre Molí Nou, ICS, Barcelona, Spain.
13
Research Group in Sport and Physical Activity, Health and Social Studies Centre, Universitat de Vic-Universitat Central de Catalunya (UVic-UCC), Vic, Spain.
14
Department of Physiatry and Nursing, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Prolonged sitting time (ST) has negative consequences on health. Changing this behavior is paramount in overweight/obese individuals because they are more sedentary than those with normal weight. The aim of the study was to establish the pattern of sedentary behavior and its relationship to health, socio-demographics, occupation, and education level in Catalan overweight/obese individuals.

METHODS:

A descriptive study was performed at 25 healthcare centers in Catalonia (Spain) with 464 overweight/moderately obese patients, aged25 to 65 years. Exclusion criteria were chronic diseases which contraindicated physical activity and language barriers. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect data on age, gender, educational level, social class, and marital status. Main outcome was 'sitting time' (collected by the Marshall questionnaire); chronic diseases and anthropometric measurements were registered.

RESULTS:

464 patients, 58.4% women, mean age 51.9 years (SD 10.1), 76.1% married, 60% manual workers, and 48.7% had finished secondary education. Daily sitting time was 6.2 hours on working days (374 minutes/day, SD: 190), and about 6 hours on non-working ones (357 minutes/day, SD: 170). 50% of participants were sedentary ≥6 hours. The most frequent sedentary activities were: working/academic activities around 2 hours (128 minutes, SD: 183), followed by watching television, computer use, and commuting. Men sat longer than women (64 minutes more on working days and 54 minutes on non-working days), and individuals with office jobs (91 minutes),those with higher levels of education (42 minutes), and younger subjects (25 to 35 years) spent more time sitting.

CONCLUSIONS:

In our study performed in overweight/moderately obese patients the mean sitting time was around 6 hours which was mainly spent doing work/academic activities and watching television. Men, office workers, individuals with higher education, and younger subjects had longer sitting time. Our results may help design interventions targeted at these sedentary patients to decrease sitting time.

PMID:
29370176
PMCID:
PMC5784913
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0190750
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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