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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2018 Jan-Feb;56(1):84-91.

[Disability leave and sick leave in Spain. 2016 legislative update].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

Servicio de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales, Grupo Correos, Valencia y Castellón, España /
Unidad Médica de Valoración, Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad, Dirección General, Madrid, España.
Servicio de Medicina del Trabajo, Servicio de Prevención, Mancomunado MAPFRE, Valencia, España.
Servicio de Medicina del Trabajo, Grupo Correos, Albacete y Cuenca/Coordinación de Medicina del Trabajo ITEM-Prevención, Albacete, España.
Unidad Médica de Valoración, Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social, Valencia, España.
Unidad Médica de Valoración. Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad, Dirección General, Madrid, España.
Servicio de Medicina del Trabajo, Institut Balear de Salut (IBSALUT), Mallorca-Islas Baleares, España.
Ilustre Colegio de Abogados (ICAV), Valencia, España.


in English, Spanish

In Spanish, the concepts of discapacidad (disability leave) and incapacidad (sick leave) jointly refer to the impairment of a person due to injuries, diseases or deficiencies that limit their activity in a social, personal or occupational field. However, this common link does not imply that both concepts are the same. Statistical data from INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística: Statistic National Institute) show that Spain had in 2015 3.85 million persons with a disability (59.8% were women). Statistical data from 2015 from INSS (Instituto Nacional de Seguridad Social: Social Security National Institute) show high levels in the number of processes and in workers affected by temporary sick leave, with social costs to the social security system. Both concepts have been updated: about disability leave, Law 39/2006 adjusted terminology by avoiding the use of concepts with discriminating or pejorative connotation. Regarding sick leave, the Ley General de Seguridad Social (General Social Security Law)has been amended and came into effect in January, 2016. It is necessary to know and distinguish these aspects for a better administrative management, and a more oriented information to the affected patient.


Disabled persons; Sick leave

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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