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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2018 Jan-Feb;56(1):6-11.

[Stunting, overweight and obesity during the nutrition transition in schoolchildren of Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Instituto de Nutrición Humana, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México vasquez.garibay@gmail.com.
2
Instituto de Nutrición Humana, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.
3
Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco, A.C., Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

Nutrition transition provokes changes in the nutritional status of individuals subjected to the interaction of various environmental factors; therefore, the aim was to demonstrate that nutrition transition is associated with socioeconomic changes, eating habits and physical activity, potentially involved in stunting, overweight and obesity of schoolchildren.

METHODS:

Case-control study. 102 participants from the Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco (cases) and 194 from the elementary school system (controls), aged 5 to 12 years, were included. Dependent variables were these indexes weight/age (Z), height/age (Z), BMI (Z). Independent variables were the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Student's t test, chi square, odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated.

RESULTS:

Family income was low (p = 0.031) and unstable job was higher in cases: OR = 4.1, 95% CI = 2.8-6.0. The frequency of stunting was higher in cases (9.9% vs. 5.9%). The combination of overweight/obesity was higher in controls (27.3% vs. 16.8%), OR = 1.85, 95% CI = 1.0-3.4.

CONCLUSIONS:

The nutritional status of children of Arandas, Jalisco, has been modified by an accelerate nutrition transition, provoked by socioeconomic, educational and demographic factors that might have influence on the persistence of stunting and an increasing prevalence of overweight/obesity.

KEYWORDS:

Child; Nutritional transition; Obesity; Overweight; Students

PMID:
29368889
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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