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Pharmacol Rep. 2018 Feb;70(1):133-138. doi: 10.1016/j.pharep.2017.08.009. Epub 2018 Feb 4.

Expression levels of interferon-ɣ and type 2 deiodinase in patients diagnosed with recurrent depressive disorders.

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Department of Pneumology and Allergy, Medical University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland. Electronic address:
Department of Adult Psychiatry, Medical University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland.
Deakin University IMPACT Strategic Research Centre, Deakin University, School of Medicine, Barwon Health, Geelong, Australia; Department of Psychiatry, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; Health Sciences Graduate Program, Health Sciences Center, State University of Londrina, Brazil.
Graduate Institute of Neural and Cognitive Sciences, School of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Psychiatry and Mind-Body Research Center (MBI-Lab), China Medical University Hospital, 404, Taichung, Taiwan.
Department of Pneumology and Allergy, Medical University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland.
Department of Medical Biochemistry, Medical University of Łódź, Łódź Poland.



Thyroid hormones (TH) are involved in modulation of the immune system and inflammation. TH dysregulation is associated with depressive disorders. The iodothyronine deiodinases (DIOs), the key enzymes for TH synthesis, can be affected and induced by pro-inflammatory cytokines. We aimed to investigate the levels of and correlation between type 2 DIO (DIO2) and interferon-gamma (IFN-ɣ) in patients with recurrent depressive disorders (rDD).


Data from 91 rDD patients and 105 healthy controls were analyzed. The diagnoses are based on the ICD-10 criteria (F33.0-F33.8). Expression levels of DIO2 and IFN-ɣ were estimated using the method based on the polymerase chain reaction and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).


The DIO2 expression on mRNA/protein levels in rDD patients (both female and males) was reduced as compared with the control subjects. No correlation between DIO2 and IFN-ɣ expression was observed.


This is the first study to reveal that one may cautiously suggest that DIO2 may be involved in the development and/or progression of rDD. The mechanisms of TH regulation on depression, however, need further investigation.


Depressive disorder; Inflammation; Interferon-gamma; Thyroid hormone; Type 2 deiodinase

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