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Int Immunopharmacol. 2018 Mar;56:78-89. doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2018.01.016. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Inhibition of NF-κB pathway in fibroblast-like synoviocytes by α-mangostin implicated in protective effects on joints in rats suffering from adjuvant-induced arthritis.

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Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241000, Anhui, China.
The Second Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241000, Anhui, China.
Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou 646000, Sichuan, China.
Anhui Provincial Engineering Research Center for Polysaccharide Drugs, School of Pharmacy, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China. Electronic address:
Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241000, Anhui, China. Electronic address:


α-Mangostin (MG) is a bioactive compound isolated from mangosteen. This study was aimed to investigate effects of MG on adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA) in rats and decipher the underlying mechanisms. Clinical severity of AA was evaluated by paw oedema, arthritis score, and hematological parameters. Digital radiography (DR) and histological examinations were employed to assess joints destructions. Immune functions were evaluated by T cell subsets distribution. Effects on NF-κB pathway were investigated by immunohistochemical, western-blot and immunofluorescence methods both in vivo and vitro. It was found MG possessed superior anti-inflammatory effects in vivo, suggested by attenuated paw swelling, reduced inflammatory cells infiltration and decreased the secretion of TNF-α and IL-1β in serum. Meanwhile MG inhibited fibrous hyperplasia, synovial angiogenesis, cartilage and bone degradation in AA rats. Although MG exerted little effects on CD4+ population, it greatly decreased IFN-γ positive cells and promoted expression of FOXP3 in immune organs, indicating restoration of Th1/Treg cells ratio and recovery of immune homeostasis in vivo. Inhibition of NF-κB induced by MG was indicated by reduced the expression of p-p65 and VEGF in synovium. In vitro experiments found MG at 10 μg/ml significantly suppressed the expression and phosphorylation of key proteins implicated in NF-κB pathway and inhibited nucleus translocation of p65. These changes led to increased apoptosis and proliferation inhibition of HFLS-RA cells. The results demonstrated regulation of immune functions was deeply involved in the therapeutic actions of MG on AA, and it's inhibition on NF-κB in fibroblast-like synoviocytes was associated to the protective effects on joints.


Fibroblast-like synoviocytes; HFLS-RA cells; Rheumatoid arthritis; Xanthone; p65

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