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Eur Psychiatry. 2018 Mar;49:56-61. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.12.004. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Disability and common mental disorders: Results from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative Portugal.

Author information

1
Chronic Diseases Research Center (CEDOC), NOVA Medical School, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, NOVA University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: ana.antunes@nms.unl.pt.
2
Chronic Diseases Research Center (CEDOC), NOVA Medical School, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, NOVA University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: diana.frasquilho@nms.unl.pt.
3
Chronic Diseases Research Center (CEDOC), NOVA Medical School, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, NOVA University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: sofia.azeredo@nms.unl.pt.
4
Chronic Diseases Research Center (CEDOC), NOVA Medical School, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, NOVA University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal; Hospital de Egas Moniz, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: danielcarvalhoneto@gmail.com.
5
Chronic Diseases Research Center (CEDOC), NOVA Medical School, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, NOVA University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: manuela.silva@gmail.com.
6
Chronic Diseases Research Center (CEDOC), NOVA Medical School, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, NOVA University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: gracacardoso@gmail.com.
7
Chronic Diseases Research Center (CEDOC), NOVA Medical School, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, NOVA University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: caldasjm@nms.unl.pt.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Common mental disorders are highly prevalent and disabling, leading to substantial individual and societal costs. This study aims to characterize the association between disability and common mental disorders in Portugal, using epidemiological data from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative.

METHODS:

Twelve-month common mental disorders were assessed with the CIDI 3.0. Disability was evaluated with the modified WMHS WHODAS-II. Logistic regression models were used to assess the association between disability and each disorder or diagnostic category (mood or anxiety disorders).

RESULTS:

Among people with a common mental disorder, 14.6% reported disability. The specific diagnoses significantly associated with disability were post-traumatic stress disorder (OR: 6.69; 95% CI: 3.20, 14.01), major depressive disorder (OR: 3.49; 95% CI: 2.13, 5.72), bipolar disorder (OR: 3.41; 95% CI: 1.04, 11.12) and generalized anxiety disorder (OR: 3.14; 95% CI: 1.43, 6.90). Both categories of anxiety and mood disorders were significantly associated with disability (OR: 1.88; 95% CI: 1.23, 2.86 and OR: 3.94; 95% CI: 2.45, 6.34 respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of this study add to the current knowledge in this area by assessing the disability associated with common mental disorders using a multi-dimensional instrument, which may contribute to mental health policy efforts in the development of interventions to reduce the burden of disability associated with common mental disorders.

KEYWORDS:

Common mental disorders; Disability; Health policy; Quality of life

PMID:
29366849
DOI:
10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.12.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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