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J Holist Nurs. 2018 Dec;36(4):395-407. doi: 10.1177/0898010118754665. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Holistic Wellness in Older Adulthood: Group Differences Based on Age and Mental Health.

Author information

1
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
2
The Ohio State University.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To understand how demographic variables and depression symptoms relate to the prevalence of wellness, resilience, and age perception within a sample of community-dwelling older adults.

DESIGN:

In all, 200 residents across 12 senior housing sites were surveyed. Research questions included the following: (1) Do group differences exist in wellness, resilience, and age perception based on age, sex, race, education, and depression symptoms? (2) Which profile of variables is most strongly associated with self-rated depression among older adults?

METHOD:

Multivariate analyses of variance were used to examine group differences. A discriminant analysis demonstrated which variables comprised the profile of individuals who ascribed to depression symptoms.

FINDINGS:

Younger respondents (i.e., age 55-70) had significantly lower levels of wellness (η2 = .034) and resilience (η2 = .052). Respondents suffering from depression symptoms had lower levels of wellness (η2 = .155), resilience (η2 = .163), and positive age perception (η2 = .067) and higher rates of negative age perception (η2 = .052). The discriminant analysis correctly categorized 75.3% of the cases related to depression symptoms, and resilience and certain forms of wellness were most relevant.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current study sheds light into within-group differences in wellness, resilience, and age perception that depend on variables such as age and depression.

KEYWORDS:

depression; health and wellness coaching; mental health; older adults; resilience; wellness

PMID:
29366370
DOI:
10.1177/0898010118754665
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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