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ACS Chem Biol. 2018 Mar 16;13(3):761-771. doi: 10.1021/acschembio.8b00043. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Toward a Microparticle-Based System for Pooled Assays of Small Molecules in Cellular Contexts.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry , Columbia University , New York , New York 10027 , United States.
2
Department of Biological Sciences , Columbia University , Northwest Corner Building, MC 4846, 550 West 120th Street , New York , New York 10027 , United States.

Abstract

Experimental approaches to the discovery of small molecule probes and drug candidates often use biochemical or cell-based screening of large libraries (>105) of small molecules. Small molecules of interest are tested one at a time in individual wells of a microtiter plate, at a significant cost in time and resources. Furthermore, evaluation of large numbers of compounds in such assays requires robust cellular or biochemical screening formats that may not be relevant to the contexts found in human patients. We envision a solution to these issues that involves a pooled system of small molecule screening, which would require development of numerous new technologies, and solutions to several key challenges. We report here that a microparticle-based screening system can allow for screening of small molecules in such a pooled fashion, analogous to the pooled screens of genetic reagents that have been powerfully deployed in recent years. We developed a cleavable linker that can link small molecules of interest to silica microparticle beads, a DNA tag encoding the identity of the small molecule on each bead that was attached to the silica beads through a photocleavable linker to enable its amplification, and a bead-based fluorescent sensor that can report on the activity of small molecules in cells. We suggest that this pooled small molecule screening system could ultimately be useful for drug and probe discovery, allowing rapid and inexpensive screening of small molecules in assays of relevance to human diseases.

PMID:
29365249
PMCID:
PMC5960808
DOI:
10.1021/acschembio.8b00043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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