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Chemistry. 2018 Mar 12;24(15):3716-3720. doi: 10.1002/chem.201800260. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

The Viability of C5-Protonated- and C4,C5-Ditopic Carbanionic Abnormal NHCs: A New Dimension in NHC Chemistry.

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Anorganische Molekülchemie und Katalyse, Lehrstuhl für, Anorganische Chemie und Strukturchemie, Centrum für, Molekulare Materialien, Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Universitätsstr. 25, 33615, Bielefeld, Germany.


The first C5-protonated abnormal N-heterocyclic carbene (aNHC), PhC{N(2,6-iPr2 C6 H3 )}2 CHC: (4) is readily accessible by C4-deprotonation of [ArC{N(2,6-iPr2 C6 H3 )}2 CHCH]X (3 a-X) (Ar=Ph, X=Br or I) with a base. The aNHC 4 is stable at 298 K in [D8 ]THF solution and has been spectroscopically characterized. The facile availability of 4 enables the synthesis of a series of main-group compounds as well as transition-metal complexes featuring a new phosphorus-aNHC hybrid ligand. Double deprotonation of [ArC{N(2,6-iPr2 C6 H3 )}2 CHCH]X (Ar=Ph, 3 a-X (X=Br or I); 4-Tol, 3 b-Br; 4-DMP, 3 c-Br; Tol=MeC6 H4 , DMP=Me2 NC6 H4 ) with nBuLi yields the C4,C5-ditopic carbanionic aNHCs, [ArC{N(2,6-iPr2 C6 H3 )}2 (C:)2 ]Li(THF)n (Ar=Ph, 13 a; 4-Tol, 13 b; 4-DMP, 13 c), which on treatment with Ph2 PCl affords cationic vicinal bisphosphine derivatives [ArC{N(2,6-iPr2 C6 H3 )}2 {C(PPh2 }2 ]X (Ar=Ph, 14 a-X, X=Br or I; 4-Tol, 14 b-Br; 4-DMP, 14 c-Br).


N-heterocycles; carbenes; ligand design; main group; phosphorus


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