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Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2018 Apr;42(2):362-368. doi: 10.1007/s00266-017-1037-2. Epub 2018 Jan 23.

Is Salvage of Recently Infected Breast Implant After Breast Augmentation or Reconstruction Possible? An Experimental Study.

Author information

1
Department of Plastic Surgery, Cliniques de l'Europe, Ste Elisabeth, Avenue de Fré 206, 1180, Brussels, Belgium.
2
Department of Plastic and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, CHU Sart Tilman, 4000, Liège, Belgium.
3
Department of Medical Microbiology, CHU Sart Tilman, 4000, Liège, Belgium.
4
Department of Chemistry, Science Faculty, Domaine Universitaire du Sart Tilman B6, 4000, Liège, Belgium.
5
Department of Infectious Diseases, Saint-Louis Hospital, 75010, Paris, France.
6
INSERM, Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, U1189-ONCO-THAI-Image Assisted Laser Therapy for Oncology, Lille, France.
7
INSERM, Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, U1189-ONCO-THAI-Image Assisted Laser Therapy for Oncology, Lille, France. franckleclere@yahoo.fr.
8
Department of Plastic and Transsexual Surgery, Burn Surgery, Hand Surgery, Centre of Expertise for Sex Reassignment Surgery, , CHU University Hospital of Bordeaux and University of Bordeaux, Centre François-Xavier-Michelet, Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Place Amélie-Raba-Léon, 33076, Bordeaux, France. franckleclere@yahoo.fr.
9
Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Poitiers, University Hospital CHU de Poitiers 2 rue de la Milétrie, 86000, Poitiers, France. franckleclere@yahoo.fr.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The reinsertion of an infected implant when peri-prosthetic infection occurs early after breast augmentation or breast reconstruction remains controversial. In this experimental study, the authors tried to remove bacteria, and their biofilm, from the colonized surface of breast prostheses, without damaging their integrity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 112 shell samples of silicone breast prostheses, smooth (SPSS) and textured (TPSS), were colonized by S. epidermidis (SE) or S. aureus (SA) strains, all able to produce biofilms. After 15 days, all the samples were removed from the contaminated culture broth and constituted 4 groups of 20 contaminated samples: SPSS/SE (group I), SPSS/SA (group II), TPSS/SE (group III), TPSS/SE (group IV). In another group-group SEM-, 16 colonized samples were used for documentation with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The remaining 16 samples were used to test the limits of detection of the sterility test. All samples of groups I-IV and 8 samples of group SEM were « washed » with a smooth brush in a povidone-iodine bath and rinsed with saline solution. A subset of the washed samples was sent for SEM and the others were immersed in sterile broth and were incubated at 35 °C for 3 weeks (groups I-IV).

RESULTS:

Fifteen days after contamination, all the samples in groups I-IV were colonized. In the SEM group, SEM images attested to the presence of bacteria in biofilm attached to the shells. After cleaning, SEM did not reveal any bacteria and there was no visible alteration in the outer structure of the shell. Sterility tests performed after decontamination in groups I-IV remained negative for all the samples.

CONCLUSION:

Breast prostheses recently contaminated with Staphylococci, frequently involved in peri-prosthetic breast implant infection and capable of producing biofilms, can be efficiently decontaminated by the procedure used in this study. Our decontamination procedure did not alter the surface structure of the prostheses. This decontamination procedure could allow reinsertion of an infected implant when peri-prosthetic infection occurs early after breast augmentation or breast reconstruction and when a salvage procedure is indicated.

NO LEVEL ASSIGNED:

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

KEYWORDS:

Breast augmentation; Breast reconstruction; Implant salvage; Infected implant

PMID:
29362942
DOI:
10.1007/s00266-017-1037-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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