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Psychol Res. 2018 Jan 23. doi: 10.1007/s00426-018-0986-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Rumination impairs the control of stimulus-induced retrieval of irrelevant information, but not attention, control, or response selection in general.

Author information

1
Cognitive Psychology Unit and Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands. colzato@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.
2
Department of Cognitive Psychology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany. colzato@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.
3
Institute for Sports and Sport Science, University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany. colzato@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.
4
Cognitive Psychology Unit, Leiden University Institute for Psychological Research, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK, Leiden, The Netherlands. colzato@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.
5
Cognitive Psychology Unit and Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.
6
Amsterdam Brain and Cognition (ABC), University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to throw more light on the relationship between rumination and cognitive-control processes. Seventy-eight adults were assessed with respect to rumination tendencies by means of the LEIDS-r before performing a Stroop task, an event-file task assessing the automatic retrieval of irrelevant information, anĀ attentional set-shifting task, and the Attentional Network Task, which provided scores for alerting, orienting, and executive control functioning. The size of the Stroop effect and irrelevant retrieval in the event-five task were positively correlated with the tendency to ruminate, while all other scores did not correlate with any rumination scale. Controlling for depressive tendencies eliminated the Stroop-related finding (an observation that may account for previous failures to replicate), but not the event-file finding. Taken altogether, our results suggest that rumination does not affect attention, executive control, or response selection in general, but rather selectively impairs the control of stimulus-induced retrieval of irrelevant information.

PMID:
29362887
DOI:
10.1007/s00426-018-0986-7

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