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Sci Rep. 2018 Jan 23;8(1):1439. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-19949-z.

A systematic review and meta-analysis: Association between MGMT hypermethylation and the clinicopathological characteristics of non-small-cell lung carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Neurology, The Affiliated Ganzhou Hospital of Nanchang University (Ganzhou People's Hospital), Ganzhou, Jiangxi, 341000, China.
2
Department of Medical Oncology, The Affiliated Ganzhou Hospital of Nanchang University (Ganzhou People's Hospital), Ganzhou, Jiangxi, 341000, China.
3
Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchan, Jiangxi, 330000, China.
4
Department of Medical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchan, Jiangxi, 330000, China.
5
Department of Rheumatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchan, Jiangxi, 330000, China.
6
Department of Medical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchan, Jiangxi, 330000, China. liyongcsco@gmail.com.

Abstract

The relationship between O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation and clinicopathological characteristics of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) has remained controversial and unclear. Therefore, in this study we have undertaken a systematic review and meta-analysis of relevant studies to quantitatively investigate this association. We identified 30 eligible studies investigating 2714 NSCLC patients. The relationship between MGMT hypermethylation and NSCLC was identified based on 20 studies, including 1539 NSCLC patient tissue and 1052 normal and adjacent tissue samples (OR = 4.60, 95% CI = 3.46~6.11, p < 0.00001). MGMT methylation varied with ethnicity (caucasian: OR = 4.56, 95% CI = 2.63~7.92, p < 0.00001; asian: OR = 5.18, 95% CI = 2.03~13.22, p = 0.0006) and control style (autologous: OR = 4.44, 95% CI = 3.32~5.92, p < 0.00001; heterogeneous: OR = 9.05, 95% CI = 1.79~45.71, p = 0.008). In addition, MGMT methylation was observed to be specifically associated with NSCLC clinical stage, and not with age, sex, smoking, pathological types, and differentiation status. Also MGMT methylation did not impact NSCLC patients survival (HR = 1.32, 95% CI = 0.77~2.28, p = 0.31). Our study provided clear evidence about the association of MGMT hypermethylation with increased risk of NSCLC.

PMID:
29362385
PMCID:
PMC5780517
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-018-19949-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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