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Cancer Res Treat. 2018 Oct;50(4):1343-1350. doi: 10.4143/crt.2017.464. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

Trends in Gastric Cancer Incidence According to the Clinicopathological Characteristics in Korea, 1999-2014.

Author information

1
Center for Gastric Cancer, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.
2
Cancer Registration and Statistics Branch, National Cancer Control Institute, Goyang, Korea.
3
Department of Cancer Control and Population Health, Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, Goyang, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to evaluate recent trends in gastric cancer incidence according to the age, sex, and tumor location in the Korean population.

Materials and Methods:

Using data from the Korea Central Cancer Registry between 1999 and 2014, gastric cancer incidence, annual percent changes, and male-to-female incidence rate ratios (IRRs) according to tumorlocationwere determined. The distribution of disease extent according to the tumor location and its changes between 2006 and 2014 were also analyzed.

RESULTS:

Incidence of gastric cancer was stable until 2011 and decreased between 2011 and 2014. The age-standardized incidence rate of gastric cancer was 43.6 (per 100,000) in 1999 and 35.8 in 2014. The proportion of cardia/fundus cancer remained stable (5.9% to 7.1%), and that of body cancer increased (35.3% to 43.2%). The male-to-female IRR decreased in most age groups, except for those in their 60s. In the distribution of disease extent, the proportion of localized disease increased, and regional and distant disease decreased in all tumor locations (53.9% to 66.0%, 31.4% to 22.5%, and 14.8% to 11.5%, respectively; p < 0.001). For histological type, the proportion of carcinoid tumor and non-epithelial tumor increased (0.3% to 1.0%, and 0.8% to 1.4%, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

In the 15 years from 1999 through 2014, age-standardized incidence of gastric cancer started to decrease from 2012, and the proportion of cardia/fundus cancer remained unchanged. The trend of increasing localized cancer was observed in all tumor locations.

KEYWORDS:

Epidemiology; Incidence; Korea; Stomach neoplasms

PMID:
29361823
PMCID:
PMC6192902
DOI:
10.4143/crt.2017.464
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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