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Nutrients. 2018 Jan 22;10(1). pii: E110. doi: 10.3390/nu10010110.

Anti-Inflammatory Effects of a Stauntonia hexaphylla Fruit Extract in Lipopolysaccharide-Activated RAW-264.7 Macrophages and Rats by Carrageenan-Induced Hind Paw Swelling.

Author information

1
Jeonnam Institute of Natural Resources Research, Jangheung-gun, Jeollanamdo 59338, Korea. jykim761217@gmail.com.
2
Jeonnam Institute of Natural Resources Research, Jangheung-gun, Jeollanamdo 59338, Korea. awoainia@naver.com.
3
Jeonnam Institute of Natural Resources Research, Jangheung-gun, Jeollanamdo 59338, Korea. ohchj12@naver.com.
4
Jeonnam Institute of Natural Resources Research, Jangheung-gun, Jeollanamdo 59338, Korea. joara9153@naver.com.
5
Jeonnam Institute of Natural Resources Research, Jangheung-gun, Jeollanamdo 59338, Korea. whk0081@naver.com.
6
Jeonnam Institute of Natural Resources Research, Jangheung-gun, Jeollanamdo 59338, Korea. hyojong21@hanmail.net.
7
Jeonnam Institute of Natural Resources Research, Jangheung-gun, Jeollanamdo 59338, Korea. jungbalm@naver.com.
8
Jeonnam Institute of Natural Resources Research, Jangheung-gun, Jeollanamdo 59338, Korea. blockstar@hanmail.net.

Abstract

The fruit of Stauntoniahexaphylla is commonly used as a traditional anthelmintic in Korea, Japan, and China. However, its anti-inflammatory activity and the underlying mechanisms have not been studied systematically. In the present study, we examined the anti-inflammatory activities of an aqueous extract of S. hexaphylla fruit (SHF) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 cells. The SHF extract contained anti-inflammatory compounds, such as neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, and cryptochlorogenic acid. The extract inhibited protein levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase and the activity of cyclooxygenase enzyme, with concomitant reductions in the production of nitric oxide and prostaglandin E₂ in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells. Additionally, the SHF extract reduced the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6. The SHF extract attenuated LPS-induced nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation by decreasing the phosphorylation of its inhibitor, IκBα. Furthermore, the SHF extract showed a significant anti-inflammatory effect in vivo by reducing the volume of carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats. Our results suggest that the SHF extract exerts potential anti-inflammatory properties against LPS-activated RAW 254.7 cells, and in an animal model of inflammation.

KEYWORDS:

NF-κB; Stauntonia hexaphylla; anti-inflammatory; carrageenan-induced paw edema; chlorogenic acid; cryptochlorogenic acid; neochlorogenic acid

PMID:
29361789
PMCID:
PMC5793338
DOI:
10.3390/nu10010110
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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