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Rev Iberoam Micol. 2018 Jan - Mar;35(1):49-55. doi: 10.1016/j.riam.2017.06.003. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

[Use of ITS and ISSR markers in the molecular characterisation of Pleurotus djamor hybrid strains].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Cultivos Celulares, Sección de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, UPIBI, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ciudad de México, DF, México.
2
Laboratorio de Farmacobiología, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Los Reyes Iztacala, Tlalnepantla, México, México.
3
Instituto de Agroindustrias, Universidad Tecnológica de la Mixteca, Huajuapan de León, Oaxaca, México.
4
Laboratorio de Cultivos Celulares, Sección de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, UPIBI, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Ciudad de México, DF, México. Electronic address: gvovaltor@yahoo.com.mx.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Molecular characterisation of wild type Pleurotus species is important for germplasm conservation and its further use for genetic improvement. No molecular studies have been performed with monokaryons used for producing hybrid strains, either with the reconstituted strains obtained by pairing those monokaryons. The molecular characterisation of parental dikaryons, hybrid, and reconstituted strains as well as monokaryotic strains, is therefore of utmost importance.

AIMS:

To carry out the molecular identification of Pleurotus djamor strains, i.e. dikaryotic wild type strains, hybrid strains, and the monokaryotic strains used for the hybrid formation.

METHODS:

Five wild type strains of P. djamor from different states in Mexico were collected and molecularly identified by sequencing the ITS1-5.8-ITS2 region using ITS1 and ITS4 universal oligonucleotides. Four hybrid strains were obtained by pairing neohaplonts of two wild type strains selected. Six ISSR markers were used for the molecular characterisation of monokaryotic and dikaryotic strains.

RESULTS:

Using the ITS markers, an amplified product of 700bp was obtained in five wild type strains, with a 99-100% similarity with P. djamor. A total of 95 fragments were obtained using the ISSR markers, with 99% of polymorphism.

CONCLUSIONS:

Wild type strains were identified as P. djamor, and were clearly grouped with Mexican strains from other states of Mexico. ISSR markers allowed the generation of polymorphic bands in monokaryotic and dikaryotic strains, splitting both types of strains. The high degree of polymorphism indicates the genetic diversity of P. djamor, an advantage in mushroom production and in the improving of the species.

KEYWORDS:

Hybrids; Híbridos; ISSR; ITS; Pleurotus

PMID:
29361378
DOI:
10.1016/j.riam.2017.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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