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Water Res. 2018 Apr 15;133:87-98. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2018.01.023. Epub 2018 Jan 16.

Hybrid organic-inorganic anion-exchange pore-filled membranes for the recovery of nitric acid from highly acidic aqueous waste streams.

Author information

1
Radiochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085, India.
2
Radiochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085, India. Electronic address: cagarwal@barc.gov.in.

Abstract

Recycling of acid from aqueous waste streams is highly important not only from the environmental point of view but also for developing the sustainable technology. One of the effective ways to recover acid from aqueous waste streams is the anion-exchange membrane based diffusion-dialysis. The work presents the synthesis and characterization of anion-exchange pore-filled membranes for the objective of recovery of high concentration of acid by diffusion dialysis. The membranes were prepared by anchoring the guest organic-inorganic anionic gel in the pores of the host poly(propylene) membrane by in situ UV-initiator induced polymerization of the appropriate monomers along with cross-linker. The removal of nitric acid in the presence of different representative monovalent, divalent and trivalent nitrates and the leakage of these ions through anion exchange membrane have been studied by DD technique for optimizing the chemical composition of the membrane. The nitric acid permeation rate of the membrane with the optimized composition has been found to be considerably faster than the commercial Selemion membrane without sacrificing salt leakage. The performance of the optimized pore-filled anion exchange membranes has been found to be independent of the acid concentration, nature of the anion and substrate and has been observed to be solely dependent on the guest inorganic-organic hybrid anionic gel component. The membranes have been found to be stable and reusable for the acid recovery. Removal of nitric acid as high as 90% from the simulated high level nuclear waste with the optimized grafted pore-filled membrane has been achieved with negligible salt transport.

KEYWORDS:

Anion-exchange membrane; Inorganic-organic microgel; Nitric acid removal; Pore-filled membrane; Salt leakage

PMID:
29360603
DOI:
10.1016/j.watres.2018.01.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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