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Nat Mater. 2018 Jan 23;17(2):119-128. doi: 10.1038/nmat5063.

Organic solar cells based on non-fullerene acceptors.

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Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China.
Biomolecular and organic electronics, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping SE-58183, Sweden.
Cavendish Laboratory, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK.


Organic solar cells (OSCs) have been dominated by donor:acceptor blends based on fullerene acceptors for over two decades. This situation has changed recently, with non-fullerene (NF) OSCs developing very quickly. The power conversion efficiencies of NF OSCs have now reached a value of over 13%, which is higher than the best fullerene-based OSCs. NF acceptors show great tunability in absorption spectra and electron energy levels, providing a wide range of new opportunities. The coexistence of low voltage losses and high current generation indicates that new regimes of device physics and photophysics are reached in these systems. This Review highlights these opportunities made possible by NF acceptors, and also discuss the challenges facing the development of NF OSCs for practical applications.

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