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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2018 Feb 21;10(7):6124-6136. doi: 10.1021/acsami.7b16235. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

Durably Antibacterial and Bacterially Antiadhesive Cotton Fabrics Coated by Cationic Fluorinated Polymers.

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School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangzhou University , Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China.
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology , Guangzhou 510640, P. R. China.
Department of Bioengineering, University of Maryland at College Park , College Park, Maryland 20742, United States.
Integrated Composites Laboratory (ICL), Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Tennessee , Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, United States.
National Engineering Research Center for Advanced Polymer Processing Technology, Zhengzhou University , Zhengzhou, Henan 450002, P. R. China.


Considerable attention has been devoted to producing antibacterial fabrics due to their very wide applications in medicine, hygiene, hospital, etc. However, the poor antibacterial durability and bad bacterial antiadhesion capacity of most existing antibacterial fabrics limit their applications. In this work, a series of antibacterial and polymeric quaternary ammonium monomers with different alkyl chain length were successfully synthesized to copolymerize with fluorine-containing and other acrylic monomers to generate cationic fluorinated polymer emulsions and durably antibacterial and bacterially antiadhesive cotton fabrics. The relation between antibacterial constituent and its antibacterial activity was investigated. The study indicated that the alkyl chain length and contents of the antibacterial monomers, as well as the add-on percentage of polymer greatly influenced the antibacterial activities of the fabrics. In addition, it was found that incorporation of fluorine component into the polymer greatly enhanced the antibacterial activity and bacterial antiadhesion of the treated fabrics due to the low surface energy induced hydrophobicity. Finally, antibacterial and antiadhesive models of action of the obtained fabrics were illustrated.


antibacterial; bacterial antiadhesion; cationic polymer; cotton fabric; hydrophobicity

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