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Adv Dent Res. 2018 Feb;29(1):135-140. doi: 10.1177/0022034517743750.

Silver Fluoride as a Treatment for Dental Caries.

Author information

1
1 Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Abstract

Medical management of caries is a distinct treatment philosophy that employs topical minimally invasive therapies that treat the disease and is not merely prevention. This strategy is justified as an alternative or supplement to traditional care by significant disease recurrence rates following comprehensive operative treatment under general anesthesia. Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is one agent to enable effective noninvasive treatment. The announcement of breakthrough therapy designation by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) suggests that SDF may become the first FDA-approved drug for treating caries. Since our systematic review performed in April 2015, 4 clinical trials have been completed, which inform an update to the application protocol and frequency regimen. Suggestions from these studies are to skip the rinsing step due to demonstration of safety in young children, start patients with high disease severity on an intensive regimen of multiple applications over the first few weeks, and continue with semiannual maintenance doses as previously suggested. Breakthroughs in elucidating the impact of SDF on the dental plaque microbiome inform potential opportunities for understanding caries arrest. SDF can be added to the set of evidence-based noninvasive methods to treat caries lesions in primary teeth, such as the Hall crown technique and sealing lesions with accessible margins.

KEYWORDS:

caries treatment; evidence-based dentistry; silver diamine fluoride; silver nitrate; tooth remineralization; topical anti-infective agents

PMID:
29355428
DOI:
10.1177/0022034517743750

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