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Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2017 Oct 12;37(10):1027-34. doi: 10.13703/j.0255-2930.2017.10.001.

[Kinetic mechanism of electroacupuncture for stair climbing in knee osteoarthritis patients].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
College of Rehabilitation Medicine, Fujian University of TCM, Fuzhou 350122, China; Rehabilitation Department of the Third People's Hospital Affiliated to Fujian University of TCM, Fuzhou 350122; Fujian Key Laboratory of Rehabilitation Technology; Fujian Provincial Rehabilitation Industrial Institution.
2
Rehabilitation Department of the Third People's Hospital Affiliated to Fujian University of TCM, Fuzhou 350122.
3
College of Rehabilitation Medicine, Fujian University of TCM, Fuzhou 350122, China; Fujian Key Laboratory of Rehabilitation Technology; Fujian Provincial Rehabilitation Industrial Institution.
4
Hospital of Rehabilitation Medicine, Fujian University of TCM.
5
College of Rehabilitation Medicine, Fujian University of TCM, Fuzhou 350122, China; Fujian Key Laboratory of Rehabilitation Technology.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the kinetic change that reflects joint loading in different planes during stair climbing in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) after electroacupuncture (EA) by three-dimensional motion analysis, so as to provide reference for its biomechanical mechanism treated with acupuncture.

METHODS:

Forty KOA patients, in accordance with the random number table, were assigned into an observation group and a control group, 20 cases in each one and finally 18 cases completed. Acupoints in the observation group were Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Dubi (ST 35), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Xuehai (SP 10), Liangqiu (ST 34) and Zusanli (ST 36); points in the control groups were located about 2 cm next to the above acupoints with shallow acupuncture. EA was connected at Neixiyan (EX-LE 4) and Yinlingquan (SP 9), Liangqiu (ST 34) and Yanglingquan (GB 34). The frequency was 2 Hz with continuous wave in the observation group and there was no current in the control group for the corresponding points. All the treatment was given for 3 weeks, totally 11 times. Climbing stairs gait was measured before and after treatment. Velocities and kinetic parameters during ascending and descending stairs were analyzed, including flexion and extension peak torques of hip, knee, ankle on the vertical plane, external knee adduction moment on the coronal plane.

RESULTS:

After treatment in the observation group, velocities during ascending and descending stairs significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01); maximal ankle plantar flexor moments during ascending and descending stairs and the second peak external knee adduction moment (PEKAM2) during ascending stairs significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). After treatment in the control group, the first peak external knee adduction moment (PEKAM1) and PEKAM2 during descending stairs were less than those before treatment (P<0.05, P<0.01). In the observation group, the difference value (DV) of velocity before and after treatment was positively correlated to DV in the torque of ankle plantar flexors during ascending stairs in the observation group (r=0.598,P<0.01). Excluding the impact of velocity, the DV of the maximal torque of ankle plantar flexors during ascending stairs didn't show difference in the observation group (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

EA can increase the velocities of ascending and descending stairs of KOA patients. It improves the loading capacity of knee joint on both sagittal and coronary planes. But its effect during ascending may be correlated with the increase of velocity. The mechanism of different effects between EA and minimal acupuncture on joint moments is still unclear and warrants further study.

KEYWORDS:

acupuncture; electroacupuncture; external knee adduction moment; gait analysis; internal moment; kinetic variables; knee osteoarthritis; minimal acupuncture; stair climbing

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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