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Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017 Dec;8(6):397-404. doi: 10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.6.07. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

Effects of Anti-Smoking Public Service Announcements on the Attitudes of Korean College Students toward Smoking.

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Department of Healthcare Administration, Kosin University, Busan, Korea.
Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
Graduate School, Kosin University, Busan, Korea.
Department of Health Administration, Division of Health Sciences, Dongseo University, Busan, Korea.



This study aimed to identify the effects of anti-smoking public service announcements on the attitudes of Korean college students toward smoking.


This study involved students via convenience sampling from seven universities who were randomly assigned to four groups. All groups completed a preliminary questionnaire, before being shown a public service announcement twice, and then completed a post viewing questionnaire.


For announcements with positive messages, the proportion of changes in beliefs and attitudes were 39.1% and 19.8%, respectively, whereas those with negative messages showed a greater proportion of changes in the beliefs (59.7%) and attitudes (40.3%). After adjusting for sex and change in belief, the message types and smoking status were identified as factors affecting the change in the participants attitudes. A negative message resulted in a greater change in attitudes (odds ratio [OR], 3.047; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.847-5.053). Ever-smokers including current smokers showed a greater positive change in attitude than never-smokers (OR, 6.965; 95% CI, 4.107-11.812).


This study found that positive anti-smoking public service announcements were more effective on attitude change than negative messages. Additionally these announcements were more effective among viewers who were current smokers or had a prior smoking experience.


advertisement; attitude; knowledge; message; smoking prevention

Conflict of interest statement

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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