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J Formos Med Assoc. 2019 Jan;118(1 Pt 1):50-56. doi: 10.1016/j.jfma.2018.01.003. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Associations between callous-unemotional traits and various types of involvement in school bullying among adolescents in Taiwan.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine and Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine and Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, USA.
3
Institute of Education, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Tainan Municipal Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan. Electronic address: cych07205@gmail.com.
5
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine and Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address: p03132006@gmail.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study examined associations between callous-unemotional (CU) traits and involvement in school bullying among 613 Taiwanese adolescents.

METHODS:

CU traits were determined using the self-reported Chinese versions of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits (C-ICUT) and the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire (C-SBEQ). The study used logistic regression analysis to assess associations between CU traits and types of involvement in school bullying, with controls for the effect of age, sex, and residential background.

RESULTS:

Higher levels of the callous trait were positively associated with greater risk of being a victim of physical bullying and belongings snatch, or a perpetrator of verbal, relational and physical bullying and belongings snatch. Higher levels of the unemotional trait were positively associated with greater risk of being a victim of verbal and relational bullying. The uncaring trait had no significant associations with any type of bullying involvement.

CONCLUSION:

The role played by CU traits should, therefore, be examined when developing programs to detect and prevent school bullying.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Bullying; Callous-unemotional traits; Community; Mental health

PMID:
29352621
DOI:
10.1016/j.jfma.2018.01.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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