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BMC Plant Biol. 2018 Jan 18;18(1):16. doi: 10.1186/s12870-018-1236-2.

Expression and functional analysis of the Propamocarb-related gene CsDIR16 in cucumbers.

Author information

1
College of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops (Northeast Region), Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, China.
2
Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, China.
3
College of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops (Northeast Region), Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, China. qzw303@126.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cucumber downy mildew is among the most important diseases that can disrupt cucumber production. Propamocarb, also known as propyl-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]carbamate (PM), is a systemic carbamate fungicide pesticide that is widely applied in agricultural production because of its high efficiency of pathogens control, especially cucumber downy mildew. However, residual PM can remain in cucumbers after the disease has been controlled. To explore the molecular mechanisms of PM retention, cucumber cultivars 'D9320' (with the highest residual PM content) and 'D0351' (lowest residual PM content) were studied. High-throughput tag-sequencing (Tag-Seq) results showed that the CsDIR16 gene was related to PM residue, which was verified using transgenic technology.

RESULTS:

We investigated the activity of a dirigent cucumber protein encoded by the CsDIR16 in gene response to stress induced by PM treatment. Gene-expression levels of CsDIR16 were up-regulated in the fruits, leaves, and stems of 'D0351' plants in response to PM treatment. However, in cultivar 'D9320', CsDIR16 levels were down-regulated in the leaves and stems after PM treatment, with no statistically significant differences observed in the fruits. Induction by jasmonic acid, abscisic acid, polyethylene glycol 4000, NaCl, and Corynespora cassiicola Wei (Cor) resulted in CsDIR16 up-regulation in 'D0351' and 'D9320'. Expression after salicylic acid treatment was up-regulated in 'D0351', but was down-regulated in 'D9320'. CsDIR16 overexpression lowered PM residues, and these were more rapidly reduced in CsDIR16(+) transgenic 'D9320' plants than in wild-type 'D9320' and CsDIR16(-) transgenic plants.

CONCLUSIONS:

Analyses of the CsDIR16-expression patterns in the cucumber cultivars with the highest and lowest levels of PM residue, and transgenic validation indicated that CsDIR16 plays a positive role in reducing PM residues. The findings of this study help understand the regulatory mechanisms occurring in response to PM stress in cucumbers and in establishing the genetic basis for developing low-pesticide residue cucumber cultivars.

KEYWORDS:

CsDIR16; Cucumber; Cucumber downy mildew; Dirigent protein; Propamocarb

PMID:
29347906
PMCID:
PMC5774166
DOI:
10.1186/s12870-018-1236-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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