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Int J Qual Health Care. 2018 Jan 16. doi: 10.1093/intqhc/mzx204. [Epub ahead of print]

Implementation status of morbidity and mortality conferences in Swiss hospitals: a national cross-sectional survey study.

Author information

1
H+ Swiss Hospital Association, Lorrainestrasse 4A, 3013 Bern, Switzerland.
2
University of Bern, Hochschulstrasse 6, 3012 Bern, Switzerland.
3
Swiss Patient Safety Foundation, Asylstrasse 72, 8032 Z├╝rich, Switzerland.
4
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg 11, 3012 Bern Switzerland.

Abstract

Objective:

To determine the implementation status and current practice of morbidity and mortality conferences (M&MCs) in Switzerland.

Design:

A national cross-sectional online survey was conducted in spring 2017. The questionnaire focused on overall goals, structure and procedures of hospital M&MCs. Further topics included satisfaction, perceived effectiveness and support requirements.

Setting:

A total of 913 chief physicians of surgery and internal medicine, and specialist fields of obstetrics and gynaecology, anaesthesiology and intensive care from Swiss acute care hospitals were invited to the survey. 321 completed the questionnaire, resulting in a 35.2% response rate.

Participants:

Chief or senior physicians in charge of the M&MCs in their department.

Intervention:

No intervention.

Main Outcome Measures:

Numbers and percentages of M&MCs within the surveyed disciplines fulfilling certain characteristics and procedural features.

Results:

Among 321 respondents, the majority are conducting M&MCs in their departments. Within and between the medical disciplines considerable heterogeneity was found in structural and procedural features of M&MCs. Only a small part of the reported M&MCs is following a systematic approach and meeting recommended procedural features. Although the respondents are satisfied and perceive the M&MCs as an efficient tool, they agree that there is a need for professionalization and standardization.

Conclusion:

M&MCs are widely used to promote medical education, patient safety and quality improvements. However, the term M&MC seems to cover different types of meetings. Although the overall goals are similar, various types of M&MCs are used in practice and different objectives are pursued. Tools such as checklists, guidelines and templates are considered helpful.

KEYWORDS:

hospital; medical education; morbidity and mortality conferences; organizational learning; patient safety; quality improvement

PMID:
29346570
DOI:
10.1093/intqhc/mzx204
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