Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2018 Jan 18. doi: 10.5603/FM.a2018.0005. [Epub ahead of print]

Sectioned images and surface models of a cadaver head with reference to botulinum neurotoxin injection.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Daejeon Dental Hospital, Wonkwang University College of Dentistry. bck@wku.ac.kr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study is to elucidate the anatomical considerations with reference to botulinum neurotoxin Type A (BTX) injection, on sectioned images and surface models, using Visible Korean. These can be used for medical education and clinical training in the field of facial surgery.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Serially sectioned images of the head were obtained from a cadaver. Significant anatomic structures in the sectioned images were outlined and assembled to create a surface model.

RESULTS:

The PDF file (27.8 MB) of the stacked models can be accessed for free. The file can also be obtained from the authors by email. Using this file, important anatomical structures associated with the BTX injection can be investigated in the sectioned images. All surface models and stereoscopic structures related with the BTX injection are described in real time.

CONCLUSIONS:

We hope that these state-of-the-art sectioned images, outlined images, and surface models will assist students and trainees in acquiring a better understanding of the anatomy associated with the BTX injection.

KEYWORDS:

cross-sectional anatomy three-dimensional imaging botulinum toxins

PMID:
29345721
DOI:
10.5603/FM.a2018.0005
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Via Medica Medical Publishers
    Loading ...
    Support Center