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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2018 Feb 7;10(5):4929-4936. doi: 10.1021/acsami.7b17046. Epub 2018 Jan 27.

Synthesis of Magnetite-Semiconductor-Metal Trimer Nanoparticles through Functional Modular Assembly: A Magnetically Separable Photocatalyst with Photothermic Enhancement for Water Reduction.

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Shanghai Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Chemical Processes, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China Normal University , Shanghai 200062, China.


Hybrid nanoparticles have intrinsic advantages to achieve better activity in photocatalysis compared to single-component materials, as it can synergistically combine functional components, which promote light absorption, charge transportation, surface reaction, and catalyst regeneration. Through functional modular assembly, a rational and stepwise approach has been developed to construct Fe3O4-CdS-Au trimer nanoparticles and its derivatives as magnetically separable catalysts for photothermo-catalytic hydrogen evolution from water. In a typical step-by-step synthetic process, Fe3O4-Ag dimers, Fe3O4-Ag2S dimers, Fe3O4-CdS dimers, and Fe3O4-CdS-Au trimers were synthesized by seeding growth, sulfuration, ion exchange, and in situ reduction consequently. Following the same reaction route, a series of derivative trimer nanoparticles with alternative semiconductor and metal were obtained for water-reduction reaction. The experimental results show that the semiconductor acts as an active component for photocatalysis, the metal nanoparticle acts as a cocatalyst for enhancement of charge separation, and the Fe3O4 component helps in the convenient separation of catalysts in magnetic field and improves photocatalytic activity under near-infrared illumination due to photothermic effect.


hybrid nanocrystal; magnetic separation; photocatalyst; photothermic assistance; water reduction


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