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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2018;175(1-2):99-106. doi: 10.1159/000486120. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

Risk Factors and Clinical Features in Cashew Nut Oral Food Challenges.

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Department of Pediatrics, Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, Sagamihara National Hospital, Sagamihara, Japan.



Cashew nuts (CN) are capable of causing severe allergic reactions. However, little has been reported about the details of CN oral food challenges (OFC).


CN-specific IgE (sIgE) levels were measured for 1 year in 66 patients who underwent an OFC with >3 g CN for diagnosis or confirmation of tolerance acquisition between June 2006 and August 2014. We retrospectively analyzed the OFC and patient background.


The median (IQR) age of the 66 patients (48 boys/men and 18 girls/women) was 7.0 years (5.7-8.8). Twelve patients (18.2%) had a positive OFC result; 6 of 8 (75%) patients with a history of an immediate reaction to CN failed the OFC. Anaphylaxis was experienced by 5 of these 12 (42%) patients. A history of an immediate reaction to CN and the CN sIgE levels were significantly different for patients with a positive or negative OFC result (p < 0.01). Among patients without a previous immediate reaction to CN, the 95% positive predictive value (PPV) for the CN sIgE level for a positive OFC result was 66.1 kUA/L.


A history of an immediate reaction to CN and high CN sIgE were risk factors for a positive OFC result. The number of positive OFC results was relatively low, but there was a high probability of anaphylaxis. We should consider the indication of OFC carefully for patients with a history of immediate reactions to CN and avoid OFC for patients without such a history whose CN sIgE values are >66.1 kUA/L (95% PPV).


Allergic reaction; Allergy; Cashew nut; Oral food challenge; Risk factors

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