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J Anim Sci Technol. 2018 Jan 8;60:2. doi: 10.1186/s40781-017-0156-2. eCollection 2018.

Nitric oxide induced by Indian ginseng root extract inhibits Infectious Bursal Disease virus in chicken embryo fibroblasts in vitro.

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Animal Biotechnology Center, Department of Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, 263145 India.
Clinical Research Division, Ayurvet Limited, Katha, 173205 India.
Division of Animal Biochemistry, FMD Research Laboratory, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Hebbal, Bengaluru, 560024 India.


Infectious Bursal Disease is a severe viral disease of chicken responsible for serious economic losses to poultry farmers. The causative agent, Infectious Bursal Disease virus, is inhibited by nitric oxide. Root extract of the Indian ginseng, Withania somnifera, inhibits Infectious Bursal Disease virus in vitro. Also, Withania somnifera root extract is known to induce nitric oxide production in vitro. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to determine if the inhibitory activity of Withania somnifera against Infectious Bursal Disease virus was based on the production of nitric oxide. We show that besides other mechanisms, the inhibition of Infectious Bursal Disease virus by Withania somnifera involves the production of nitric oxide. Our results also highlight the paradoxical role of nitric oxide in the pathogenesis of Infectious Bursal Disease.


Aminoguanidine; Infectious Bursal Disease virus; Nitric oxide; Pathogenesis; Withania somnifera

Conflict of interest statement

Not applicable.Not applicable.The authors declare that they have no competing interests.Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

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