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J Pediatr. 2018 Mar;194:225-232.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.10.074. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Access to High Pediatric-Readiness Emergency Care in the United States.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. Electronic address: Kristin.Ray@chp.edu.
2
National Emergency Medical Services for Children Data Analysis Resource Center, Salt Lake City, UT; Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.
3
Emergency Medical Services for Children and Injury Prevention, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration, Rockville, MD.
4
Department of Emergency Medicine and Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA; Department of Emergency Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA; Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA; Los Angeles County Emergency Medical Services Agency, Santa Fe Springs, CA.
5
Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA; Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA.
6
Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA; Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the geographic accessibility of emergency departments (EDs) with high pediatric readiness by assessing the percentage of US children living within a 30-minute drive time of an ED with high pediatric readiness, as defined by collaboratively developed published guidelines.

STUDY DESIGN:

In this cross-sectional analysis, we examined geographic access to an ED with high pediatric readiness among US children. Pediatric readiness was assessed using the weighted pediatric readiness score (WPRS) of US hospitals based on the 2013 National Pediatric Readiness Project (NPRP) survey. A WPRS of 100 indicates that the ED meets the essential guidelines for pediatric readiness. Using estimated drive time from ZIP code centroids, we determined the proportions of US children living within a 30-minute drive time of an ED with a WPRS of 100 (maximum), 94.3 (90th percentile), and 83.6 (75th percentile).

RESULTS:

Although 93.7% of children could travel to any ED within 30 minutes, only 33.7% of children could travel to an ED with a WPRS of 100, 55.3% could travel to an ED with a WPRS at or above the 90th percentile, and 70.2% could travel to an ED with a WPRS at or above the 75th percentile. Among children within a 30-minute drive of an ED with the maximum WPRS, 90.9% lived closer to at least 1 alternative ED with a WPRS below the maximum. Access varied across census divisions, ranging from 14.9% of children in the East South Center to 56.2% in the Mid-Atlantic for EDs scoring a maximum WPRS.

CONCLUSION:

A significant proportion of US children do not have timely access to EDs with high pediatric readiness.

KEYWORDS:

access; emergency department; geographic access; pediatric-ready

PMID:
29336799
PMCID:
PMC5826844
[Available on 2019-03-01]
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.10.074

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