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Stem Cells Int. 2017;2017:5237063. doi: 10.1155/2017/5237063. Epub 2017 Dec 3.

Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells for Treatment of Patients with Chronic Ischemic Heart Disease (MyStromalCell Trial): A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology & Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory 2014, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.
2
Department of Plastic Surgery, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.
3
Department of Radiology, Diagnostic Center, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.
4
Department of Clinical Immunology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.
5
Cardiology Stem Cell Centre, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

We aimed to evaluate the effect of intramyocardial injections of autologous VEGF-A165-stimulated adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) in patients with refractory angina. MyStromalCell trial is a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study including sixty patients with CCS/NYHA class II-III, left ventricular ejection fraction > 40%, and at least one significant coronary artery stenosis. Patients were treated with ASC or placebo in a 2 : 1 ratio. ASCs from the abdomen were culture expanded and stimulated with VEGF-A165. At 6 months follow-up, bicycle exercise tolerance increased significantly in time duration 22 s (95%CI -164 to 208 s) (P = 0.034), in watt 4 (95%CI -33 to 41, 0.048), and in METs 0.2 (95%CI -1.4 to 1.8) (P = 0.048) in the ASC group while there was a nonsignificant increase in the placebo group in time duration 9 s (95%CI -203 to 221 s) (P = 0.053), in watt 7 (95%CI -40 to 54) (P = 0.41), and in METs 0.1 (95%CI -1.7 to 1.9) (P = 0.757). The difference between the groups was not significant (P = 0.680, P = 0.608, and P = 0.720 for time duration, watt, and METs, resp.). Intramyocardial delivered VEGF-A165-stimulated ASC treatment was safe but did not improve exercise capacity compared to placebo. However, exercise capacity increased in the ASC but not in the placebo group. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01449032.

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