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J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2018 Jan;22(1):129-133. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.04.002. Epub 2017 Apr 5.

Electromyographic changes in muscles around the ankle and the knee joints in women accustomed to wearing high-heeled or low-heeled shoes.

Author information

1
Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: Mehri_Ghasemi@Sbmu.ac.ir.
3
Department of Biostatistics, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study aimed to investigate muscle activities in the muscles around the ankle and knee joints in women accustomed to wearing high-heeled or low-heeled shoes.

METHODOLOGY:

Forty young women (age: 18-40 years) participated in this comparative clinical study. Twenty of the recruited subjects were accustomed to high-heeled shoes and the other half to low-heeled shoes. Electrical activities of the ankle and knee muscles in both groups with and without wearing their accustomed shoes were studied during walking.

RESULTS:

Tibialis anterior and the medial gastrocnemius muscles started contraction earlier in the high-heeled shoe group. The duration of medial gastrocnemius activity and the intensity of proneus longus activity were significantly more in the high-heeled shoe group.

CONCLUSION:

Wearing high-heeled shoe for a long time could result in over work of muscles such as medial gastrocnemius and proneus longus by increasing the duration or the intensity of their contractions during walking.

KEYWORDS:

Ankle; Electromyography; High heel; Knee; Shoe

PMID:
29332736
DOI:
10.1016/j.jbmt.2017.04.002

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