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J Int Med Res. 2018 Mar;46(3):1282-1287. doi: 10.1177/0300060517744923. Epub 2018 Jan 14.

Spontaneous fetal femoral fracture: a case report and literature review.

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Department of Paediatric Surgery, Nanjing Medical University, Affiliated 261546 Wuxi People's Hospital , Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China.


Spontaneous fetal femoral fractures are uncommon in the paediatric setting. The major clinical presentations of a spontaneous fetal femoral fracture are femoral angulation, shortness of the femur and even a marked fracture line. This case report describes a spontaneous fetal femoral fracture of the right femur, which was detected by routine ultrasonography during the 19th week of gestation in a 24-year-old woman. On routine follow-up visits, the angulation of the right femur in the fetus gradually improved. A caesarean section was undertaken at 39 weeks +5 days of gestation and an X-ray was taken on the second day after birth, which showed that the fracture had healed and the callus had been absorbed. The lengths of the two femurs of the baby were not equal; the right femur was 84 mm, which was 11 mm shorter than the left femur. In cases like this, postnatal follow-up is essential so that an operation can be carried out in a timely manner when the deformity is apparent.


Spontaneous; femur; fetal femoral fracture

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