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Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2018 Mar 1;163:336-345. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2018.01.007. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

Macrophage phenotype switch by sequential action of immunomodulatory cytokines from hydrogel layers on titania nanotubes.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology of Materials, Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology of Materials, Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China. Electronic address: fengbo@swjtu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Inflammatory response occurring between tissues and implants after implantation has attracted increasing attention because it can cause local tissue necrosis and even implant failure. Macrophages play a key role in all stages of inflammation. Pro-inflammatory (M1) and anti-inflammatory (M2) macrophages comprise two main phenotypes and the switch from M1 to M2 at specific time points is important for wound healing and tissue regeneration. Therefore, we hypothesized that biomaterial systems capable of facilitating macrophage phenotype switching should attenuate inflammation and enhance healing. To this end, a system of double hydrogel layers on titania nanotubes (TNT) was prepared as reservoir to modulate the release of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ). In this system, IL-4, an anti-inflammatory cytokine, was loaded in TNT and IFN-γ, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, was located between two hydrogel layers of chitosan/β-glycerophosphate disodium and carboxymethyl chitosan/genipin. IFN-γ released rapidly in 3 days, whereas IL-4 exhibited a sustained release profile. In culture with mesenchymal stem cells and macrophages, this system displayed good cytocompatibility and significantly promoted cell proliferation. Macrophage phenotype switch was determined by ELISA, FACS and PCR. The results manifested that IFN-γ released from the system stimulated switching of macrophages to M1 in 3 days, whereas sustained release of IL-4 polarized macrophages to M2 after 4 days. This system can modulate macrophage phenotype switching from M1 to M2 by sequential action of the two cytokines, and might be used to research immune response between tissues and implants. The present study also provided a novel strategy for designing functional biomaterials.

KEYWORDS:

Controlled release; Hydrogel; Inflammatory cytokine; Macrophage polarization; Titania nanotubes

PMID:
29331905
DOI:
10.1016/j.colsurfb.2018.01.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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