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Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2018 Mar;275(3):699-707. doi: 10.1007/s00405-018-4870-2. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Inpatient treatment of patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss: a population-based healthcare research study.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, HELIOS-Klinikum, Erfurt, Germany.
2
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jena University Hospital, Am Klinikum 1, 07747, Jena, Germany.
3
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Zentralklinikum, Suhl, Germany.
4
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Südharz-Krankenhaus gGmbH, Nordhausen, Germany.
5
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Sophien/Hufeland-Klinikum, Weimar, Germany.
6
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Klinikum Bad Salzungen, Bad Salzungen, Germany.
7
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, SRH Wald-Klinikum, Gera, Germany.
8
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ilm-Kreis-Kliniken, Arnstadt, Germany.
9
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jena University Hospital, Am Klinikum 1, 07747, Jena, Germany. orlando.guntinas@med.uni-jena.de.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim was to determine inpatient treatment rates of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) with focus on diagnostics, treatment, and outcome.

METHODS:

A retrospective population-based study in the federal state Thuringia in 2011 and 2012 was performed on all 490 inpatients (51% females, median age: 60 years) treated for ISSNHL (Median duration: 7 days). The association between analyzed parameters and the probability of recovery was tested using univariable and multivariable statistics.

RESULTS:

The inpatient treatment rate for ISSNHL was 11.23 per 100,000. 172 patients (35%) had an outpatient treatment prior to inpatient treatment. For pure-tone audiometry of the three most affected frequencies (3PTAmax), the initial median hearing loss was 66.67 dB, the median absolute hearing gain ΔPTAabs was 10.0 dB, and the median relative hearing gain in relation with the contralateral side ΔPTArel contral was 30.86%. 51% of the patients reached a ΔPTAabs of ≥ 10 dB. About 2 of 5 patients recovered to a ΔPTArel contral ≥ 50% or reached ≤ 10 dB of contralateral ear. The multivariate analysis revealed that an ISSNHL on the left side [Hazard ratio (HR) = 1.6.88; confidence interval (CI) = 1.161-2.454], no down-sloping audiogram type (HR = 2.016; CI = 1.391-2.921), and no prior outpatient prednisolone treatment (HR = 2.374; CI = 1.505-3.745) were independent factors associated with better recovery (ΔPTAabs ≥ 10 dB).

CONCLUSION:

Inpatient treatment of ISSNHL is variable in daily practice. The population-based recovery rate was worse than reported in clinical trials. More standardization and clearer criteria for outpatient, inpatient, and salvage therapy are needed.

KEYWORDS:

Guideline adherence; Healthcare research; Risk factors; Sudden hearing loss; Sudden sensorineural hearing loss

PMID:
29330597
DOI:
10.1007/s00405-018-4870-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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