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Exp Parasitol. 2018 Mar;186:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.exppara.2018.01.012. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

Molecular cloning and characterization of leucine aminopeptidase gene from Taenia pisiformis.

Author information

1
College of Veterinary Medicine, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730046, PR China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730046, PR China.
3
College of Veterinary Medicine, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, PR China. Electronic address: wurun@gsau.edu.cn.

Abstract

Leucine aminopeptidase (LAP, EC: 3.4.11.1) is an important metalloexopeptidase that catalyze the hydrolysis of amino-terminal leucine residues from polypeptides and proteins. In this study, a full length of cDNA encoding leucine aminopeptidase of Taenia pisiformis (TpLAP) was cloned by rapid amplification of cDNA-ends using the polymerase chain reaction (RACE-PCR) method. The full-length cDNA of the TpLAP gene is 1823 bp and contains a 1569 bp ORF encoding 533 amino acids with a putative mass of 56.4 kDa. TpLAP contains two characteristic motifs of the M17LAP family in the C-terminal sequence: the metal binding site 265-[VGKG]-271 and the catalytic domain motif 351-[NTDAEGRL]-357. The soluble GST-TpLAP protein was expressed in Escherichia coli Transetta (DE3) and four specific anti-TpLAP monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were prepared. In enzymatic assays, the optimal activity was observed at pH 9.5 at 45 °C. GST-TpLAP displayed a hydrolyzing activity for the Leu-pNA substrate with a maximum activity of 46 U/ml. The enzymatic activity was significantly enhanced by Mn2+ and completely inhibited by 20 nM bestatin and 0.15 mM EDTA. The native TpLAP was detected specifically in ES components of adult T. pisiformis by western blotting using anti-TpLAP mAb as a probe. Quantitative real-time PCR revealed that the TpLAP gene was expressed at a high level in adult worm tissues, especially in the gravid proglottids (50.71-fold). Immunolocalization analysis showed that TpLAP was located primarily in the subtegumental parenchyma zone and the uterine wall of adult worms. Our results indicate that TpLAP is a new member of the M17LAP family and can be considered as a stage-differentially expressed protein. These findings might provide new insights into the study of the mechanisms of growth, development and survival of T. pisiformis in the final host and have potential value as an attractive target for drug therapy or vaccine intervention.

KEYWORDS:

Enzymatic activity; Expression level; Immunolocalization; Leucine aminopeptidase; Taenia pisiformis

PMID:
29329981
DOI:
10.1016/j.exppara.2018.01.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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