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J Chromatogr A. 2018 Feb 2;1535:114-122. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2018.01.016. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

Determination of N-glycans by high performance liquid chromatography using 6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate as the glycosylamine labeling reagent.

Author information

1
Britton Chance Center for Biomedical Photonics at Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics - Hubei Bioinformatics & Molecular Imaging Key Laboratory, Systems Biology Theme, Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China.
2
School Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China.
3
School of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Life Sciences, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China. Electronic address: linyawei2012@whut.edu.cn.
4
Britton Chance Center for Biomedical Photonics at Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics - Hubei Bioinformatics & Molecular Imaging Key Laboratory, Systems Biology Theme, Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China. Electronic address: xliu@mail.hust.edu.cn.

Abstract

Robust, efficient identification and accurate quantification of N-glycans are of great significance in N-glycomics analysis. Here, a simple and rapid derivatization method, based on the combination of microwave-assisted deglycosylation and 6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate (AQC) labeling, was developed for the analysis of N-glycan by high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD). After optimizing various parameters affecting deglycosylation and derivatization by RNase B, the time for N-glycan labeling was shortened to 50 min with ∼10-fold enhancement in detection sensitivity comparing to conventional 2-aminobenzoic acid (2-AA) labeling method. Additionally, the method showed good linearity (correlation coefficients > 0.991) and reproducibility (RSD < 8.7%). These advantages of the proposed method were further validated by the analysis of complex samples, including fetuin and human serum. Investigation of serum N-glycome for preliminary diagnosis of human lung cancer was conducted, where significant changes of several N-glycans corresponding to core-fucosylated, mono- and disialylated glycans have been evidenced by a series of statistical analysis.

KEYWORDS:

Glyco-biomarkers; Glycosylamine derivatization; HPLC-FLD; Microwave-assisted deglycosylation; N-Glycans

PMID:
29329887
DOI:
10.1016/j.chroma.2018.01.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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