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PLoS One. 2018 Jan 12;13(1):e0191034. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191034. eCollection 2018.

Oxidative stress caused by activation of NADPH oxidase 4 promotes contrast-induced acute kidney injury.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
2
Myunggok Medical Research Institute, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
5
Division of Nephrology and Department of Internal Medicine, Myunggok Medical Research Institute, College of Medicine, Konyang University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
6
Division of Nephrology and Department of Internal Medicine, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) is a leading cause of acute kidney injury following radiographic procedures. Intrarenal oxidative stress plays a critical role in CIAKI. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide 3-phosphate (NADPH) oxidases (Noxs) are important sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Among the various types of Noxs, Nox4 is expressed predominantly in the kidney in rodents. Here, we evaluated the role of Nox4 and benefit of Nox4 inhibition on CIAKI using in vivo and in vitro models. HK-2 cells were treated with iohexol, with or without Nox4 knockdown, or the most specific Nox1/4 inhibitor (GKT137831). Effects of Nox4 inhibition on CIAKI mice were examined. Expression of Nox4 in HK-2 cells was significantly increased following iohexol exposure. Silencing of Nox4 rescued the production of ROS, downregulated pro-inflammatory markers (particularly phospho-p38) implicated in CIAKI, and reduced Bax and caspase 3/7 activity, which resulted in increased cellular survival in iohexol-treated HK-2 cells. Pretreatment with GKT137831 replicated these effects by decreasing levels of phospho-p38. In a CIAKI mouse model, even though the improvement of plasma blood urea nitrogen was unclear, pretreatment with GKT137831 resulted in preserved structure, reduced expression of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8OHdG) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and reduced number of TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling)-positive cells. These results suggest Nox4 as a key source of reactive oxygen species responsible for CIAKI and provide a novel potential option for prevention of CIAKI.

PMID:
29329317
PMCID:
PMC5766150
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0191034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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