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J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2018 Feb 15;26(4):116-123. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-15-00433.

Golf Injuries: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Treatment.

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From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Winthrop Hospital, Mineola, NY (Dr. Zouzias), Physiofitness Associates, Dublin, OH (Mr. Hendra and Mr. Stodelle), and the Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic, Los Angeles, CA (Dr. Limpisvasti).


Increasing numbers of people are playing golf. Golf is a unique sport in that the ability to participate at a high level is not limited by age. In addition, participants tend to play more rather than less as they grow older. Injuries can occur at any point during the golf swing, from takeaway through follow-through. Upper extremity injuries can affect the hands, elbow, and shoulder and are usually a result of the golf swing at impact. Injuries are also common in the lower back as well as the lower extremities. Most injuries are the result of overuse and poor swing mechanics. When treating golfers, it is important to have a good understanding of the biomechanics and forces of the golf swing to diagnose and manage the vast spectrum of injuries incurred in this sport.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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