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Med Ref Serv Q. 2018 Jan-Mar;37(1):19-30. doi: 10.1080/02763869.2018.1404384.

A Clinical Librarian Embedded in Medical Education: Patient-Centered Encounters for Preclinical Medical Students.

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a UAMS Medical Library , University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences , Little Rock , Arkansas , USA.
b Medical College of Georgia , Augusta University , Augusta , Georgia , USA.


Adding patient encounters and simulation to the preclinical years of medical school is becoming increasingly popular. This article describes the creation of active learning opportunities by a clinical librarian that are aimed at training preclinical students through the use of simulated patient scenarios. Scenarios for second-year students walk them through the evidence-based resources needed in clinical years and beyond through a standardized patient encounter. Scenarios for first-year students involve role-play of cases where the patient and physician bring contrasting ideas to the outpatient interaction. All scenarios are carried out under the guidance of a clinician and librarian.


Clinical librarians; evidence-based medicine; health literacy; literature searching; medical curriculum; medical libraries; standardized patients; team-based learning

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