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Neuromuscul Disord. 2018 Mar;28(3):257-261. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2017.12.001. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Prevalence of adult Pompe disease in patients with proximal myopathic syndrome and undiagnosed muscle biopsy.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: agolsari@uke.de.
2
Department of Neurology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.
3
Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.
4
Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Abstract

We examined patients with limb-girdle muscle weakness and/or hyper-CKaemia and undiagnosed muscle biopsy for late onset Pompe disease (LOPD). Patients with an inconclusive limb-girdle muscle weakness who presented at our neuromuscular centre between 2005 and 2015 with undiagnosed muscle biopsies were examined by dry blood spot testing (DBS) including determination of the enzyme activity of acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). In the case of depressed enzyme activity, additional gene testing of the GAA gene was carried out. Of the 340 evaluated muscle biopsies, 69 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were examined with DBS. Among those patients, 76% showed a limb-girdle muscle weakness and 14% showed a hyper-CKaemia. A diagnosis of LOPD could be established in the case of two patients (2.9%) with reduced GAA enzyme activity and proof of mutations in the GAA gene. One of the two patients presents in the muscle biopsy suggestive features of Pompe disease including vacuoles with positive acid phosphatase reaction. In summary, our results show that a muscle biopsy can be helpful in identifying LOPD patients, but vacuolation with glycogen storage can also be absent. An inconspicuous muscle biopsy does not rule out Pompe disease. Consequently, all patients with limb-girdle muscle weakness should be examined by DBS before conducting a muscle biopsy.

KEYWORDS:

Late onset Pompe disease; Muscle biopsy; Screening study; Unspecified myopathies

PMID:
29326002
DOI:
10.1016/j.nmd.2017.12.001

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